January 15, 1559 – Coronation of Queen Elizabeth I of England.
Elizabeth became queen at the age of 25 after the death kf her half-sister, Mary I, November in 1558.
On 15 January 1559, Elizabeth was crowned and anointed by Owen Oglethorpe, the Catholic bishop of Carlisle, in Westminster Abbey. The position of Archbishop of Canterbury was vacant at that time and the Archbishop of York refused to do the service.
She was then presented for the people's acceptance, amidst a deafening noise of organs, fifes, trumpets, drums, and bells. Although Elizabeth was welcomed as queen in England, the country was still in a state of anxiety over the perceived Catholic threat at home and overseas, as well as the choice of whom she would marry. #englishroyalty#englishroyals#elizabethi#tudorengland#tudordynasty#maryi#coronationofelizabethi#europeanroyalty#europeanroyals#royalty#royals
The research train is chugging steadily along. Happy with the progress I’m making, slightly intimidated by the scale of what’s left, occasionally confused when I look out the window and realize it’s not the early 16th century.
January 7, 1536 – Death of Catherine of Aragon, first wife of King Henry VIII of England, at Kimbolton Castle.
The daughter of Isabel I of Castile and Ferdinand II of Aragon, Catherine was three years old when she was betrothed to Arthur, Prince of Wales, heir apparent to the English throne. They married in 1501, but Arthur died five months later. Catherine subsequently married Arthur's younger brother, the recently ascended Henry VIII, in 1509.
By 1525, Henry VIII was infatuated with Anne Boleyn and dissatisfied that his marriage to Catherine had produced no surviving sons, only one surviving daughter, Mary. He sought to have their marriage annulled, but when Pope Clement VII refused to annul the marriage, Henry defied him by assuming supremacy over religious matters. In 1533 their marriage was consequently declared invalid and Henry married Anne. Catherine refused to accept Henry as Supreme Head of the Church in England and considered herself the King's rightful wife and queen, attracting much popular sympathy. After being banished from court, she lived out the remainder of her life at Kimbolton Castle, where she was forbidden to see or communicate with her daughter, Mary, although loyal servants discreetly ferried letters between the two.
Catherine died on 7 January 1536. English people held Catherine in high esteem, and her death set off tremendous mourning. Rumors then circulated that Catherine had been poisoned by Anne or Henry, or both, as Anne had threatened to murder both Catherine and Mary on several occasions. The rumours were born after the apparent discovery during her embalming that there was a black growth on her heart. Modern medical experts are in agreement that her heart's discolouration was due not to poisoning, but to cancer, something which was not understood at the time.
Catherine was buried in Peterborough Cathedral with the ceremony due to a Dowager Princess of Wales, not a queen. Henry did not attend the funeral and forbade Mary to attend.
On This Day In History
6 January 1494
A Twelfth Night Supper hosted by King Henry VII
To keep morale high, more splendid celebrations than usual were held at court on the Twelfth Night: after a 'sumptuous & great dinner', the king's players put on 'a goodly interlude' based on St George and the dragon, after which the wine flowed and 120 dishes were set before the assembled company.
[In the time of Christmas before passed, the king kept an honourable household at Westminster, & upon the twelfth day was holding a sumptuous & great dinner in the white hall.... The mayor with his brethren... were worshipfully & plenteously served with all manner of dainties... & after he was desired... to tarry & see such disports as that night should be showed in Westminster Hall... which... at that time was hanged with arras [tapestry], & staged along the hall at the king's cost that the people might well & easily see the said disport... Anon from the kitchen being behind the Common place... 60 dishes were all served unto the king's mess [table], & forthwith were as many served unto the Queen, of the which six score dishes was not one of flesh or fish, but of all confections of sundry fruits & conserves....
& finally as all worldly pleasure has an end, the board was reverently withdrawn, & the king & queen with the other estates.... conveyed into the palace, & the mayor with his company yood [gone] to the Bridge where 2 barges tarried for him, & so came home by the breaking of day, & then the mayor kissed his wife as a double lady.]
▪ A Twelfth Night Supper, (by Robert Fabian, The Great Chronicle of London, pp. 251-2)
◼ In medieval & Tudor England, Candlemas traditionally marked the end of the Christmas season, although later, Twelfth Night came to signal the end of Christmastide, with a new but related season of Epiphanytide running until Candlemas. A popular Twelfth Night tradition was to have a bean & pea hidden inside a Christmas cake; the "man who finds the bean in his slice of cake becomes King for the night while the lady who finds a pea in her slice of cake becomes Queen for the night."
1er janvier 1515 - Mort du roi Louis XII de France à Paris.
Avant son accession au trône de France, j'était connu comme Louis d'Orléans et a été obligé d'être marié à sa cousine Jeanne handicapée et soi-disant stérile par son cousin, le roi Louis XI. Ce faisant, Louis XI espériez éteindre la branche cadette Orléans de la Chambre des Valois.
Lorsque le roi Louis XII en 1498 Est devenu, il avait son mariage annulé par le pape Alexandre VI Joan avec et a épousé Anne de Bretagne Au lieu de cela, la veuve de Charles VIII son cousin. Ce mariage a permis à Louis de renforcer l'Union personnelle de Bretagne et de France. Ils avaient quatre fils mort-nés et deux filles vivantes.
Louis a persévéré dans les guerres d'Italie, lancer une deuxième campagne italienne pour le contrôle du Royaume de Naples. Louis conquit le duché de Milan en 1500 et poussé vers l'avant au royaume de Naples, ce qui lui est tombé à 1501. Proclamé roi de Naples, Louis fait face à une nouvelle coalition Réunis par Ferdinand II d'Aragon et a été forcé de céder Naples en Espagne en 1504 .
Après la mort de sa seconde épouse, Anne, Louis a épousé Marie Tudor, Henry VIII de la sœur d'Angleterre à Abbeville, France, en 1514. Cela a représenté la tentative finale pour produire un héritier de son trône, pour MALGRÉ les deux précédents mariages le roi n'avait pas de fils vivants. Louis est mort le 1er Janvier 1515, moins de trois mois après je me suis marié Mary, usé par réputé Ses efforts dans la chambre, mais plus probablement des effets de la goutte. Leur union n'a produit aucun enfant. Il a été succédé par son gendre, Francis I et sa fille, Claude. #frenchroyals#frenchroyalty#louisxii#francisi#royalty#royals#europeanroyalty#europeanroyals#henryviii#marytudor#tudorengland