Etiqueta queenmaryi

le 7 janvier 1558 : reconquiert Calais, dernière possession anglaise en territoire français.
Aujourd'hui, le 7 janvier 1558, le siège de Calais prend fin rapidement, les Anglais perdant définitivement le contrôle de la ville importante.
Le siège de Calais fut un siège remarquablement court, mais efficace, qui permit à la ville de reprendre le contrôle de la France. L'Angleterre avait tenu Calais pendant plus de 150 ans depuis le début de la guerre de Cent Ans. Calais est située dans le nord de la France et est la ville portuaire la plus proche de la Grande-Bretagne le long de la Manche. Par temps clair, vous pouvez réellement voir les falaises blanches de Douvres de Calais. La ville détenait une valeur stratégique significative, car elle était souvent le point de départ de toute attaque anglaise contre la France.
La ville manquait de qualités défensives naturelles, de sorte que les Anglais se sont appuyés sur un lourd bâtiment de fortification pour le tenir. Le roi Henri II de France planifiait et s'apprêtait à attaquer Calais avec un grand secret. Le commandant français, Francis, duc de Guise, rassembla une armée de 30 000 soldats et marcha vers le nord en plein hiver pour surprendre les Anglais. Le 2 janvier, l'avant-garde française s'empare du Fort Risban, également connu sous le nom de Lancaster Tower. C'était une structure défensive plus petite située à travers le port entourant Calais.
Les Français ont installé leur artillerie dans le fort et prévu de bombarder la ville dans la soumission. Le gouverneur anglais de Calais, Lord Wentworth, fut submergé par l'attaque soudaine et se rendit cinq jours plus tard. Les Français ont pris le contrôle de 300 armes et de trois mois de nourriture et de fournitures. Partout en Angleterre, il y avait un choc et une incrédulité généralisée à la reddition soudaine de Calais. Cela a effectivement marqué la fin de la présence territoriale de l'Angleterre sur l'Europe continentale. Ils ne tiendraient plus jamais la ville.
#france #england #calais #henriii #catherinemedicis #ThomasWentworth #BaronWentworth #LordDeputyofCalais #Calais #France #QueenMaryI #MaryTudor #England #Tudors #valois
07.01.2018 09:23:46
#OTD
7th January 1557
England lost its last French possession, Calais. Thomas Wentworth, the Lord Deputy of Calais, was forced to surrender when French troops led by the Duke of Guise stormed the castle. It was a huge blow for Queen Mary I and England.
It is said that Mary exclaimed to one of her ladies in waiting, “When I am dead and opened, you shall find ‘Philip’ and ‘Calais’ lying in my heart”. Picture
Thomas Wentworth, 2nd Baron Wentworth by an unknown artist.
#ThomasWentworth #BaronWentworth #LordDeputyofCalais #Calais #France #QueenMaryI #MaryTudor #England #Tudors #History
07.01.2018 09:00:40
#OTD
7th January 1536
Catherine of Aragon, first wife of King Henry VIII and mother of the King’s eldest child (the future Queen Mary I) died at Kimbolton Castle.
It was a sorry end to the life of a woman who had dedicated her adult life to a man she had loved wholeheartedly and never wavered in her belief that their marriage was legal in every way.
Being cut off from a daughter she adored and her many friends, she always conducted herself with dignity. She always held out that King Henry VIII would come to his senses and come back to her.
She was buried at Peterborough Cathedral and on the anniversary of her death every year, flowers are left in her memory.
Picture
Tomb of Catherine of Aragon at Peterborough Cathedral
#CatherineofAragon #QueenCatherineofAragon #KingHenryVIII #HenryVIII #firstwife #MaryTudor #QueenMaryI #Aragon #England #Tudors #History
07.01.2018 03:57:24
#OTD
4th January 1578
William Roper, son-in-law of Sir Thomas More died. The son of John Roper, Attorney General to King Henry VIII. He married Margaret More in 1521 after some lengthy negotiating about the dowry.
William Roper prospered as a Member of Parliament and as High Sheriff of Kent, amassing a comfortable fortune and extensive lands.
However it is his book about his father-in-Law, “The lyfe of Sir Thomas Moore, knighte” that he is remembered.

Picture
William Roper by Hans Holbein
#WilliamRoper #SirThomasMore #MargaretMore #MargaretRoper #KingHenryVIII #KingEdwardVI #QueenMaryI #QueenElizabethI #Tudors #History
04.01.2018 05:09:56
Some amazing finds at Hampton Court Palace during a long overdue electrical upgrade.
Read more about the finds here:
https://www.archaeology.co.uk/articles/electrifying-discoveries-hampton-court-palace.htm

#HamptonCourtPalace #ThomasWolsey #CardinalWolsey #KingHenryVIII #HenryVIII #KingEdwardVI #EdwardVI #QueenMaryI #MaryI #QueenElizabethI #ElizabethI #Tudors #History #Archaeology
02.01.2018 17:51:07
#OTD
1st January 1556
Nicholas Heath, Archbishop of York became Lord Chancellor for Queen Mary I.

Picture
Nicholas Heath, Archbishop of York by Hans Eworth
#NicholasHeath #ArchbishopofYork #LordChancellor #QueenMaryI #MaryI #MaryTudor #Tudors #History
01.01.2018 09:28:17
Queen Mary I of England (“Bloody Mary”) for you Tudor history lovers. And La Peregrina, seen here dangling at the bodice, for you jewelry lovers. La Peregrina was a gift to Queen Mary from her husband, King Philip II of Spain (the same pearl owned by Hollywood royal Elizabeth Taylor). Portrait by #AnthonisMor (#AntonioMoro) and workshop, circa 1554. The artist painted three full size versions of this portrait. This one was viewed at @gardnermuseum; there is another at the #Prado in Madrid. #jewelryinart #courtportrait #Tudorportrait #Tudorhistory #LaPeregrina #QueenMaryI #16thcenturyportrait #16thcentury
30.12.2017 08:22:22
Tapestries in the Great Hall of Hampton Court Palace. I’m always in awe of such items that have stood the test of time and are here to be marvelled over in the 21st century.
Photo © The Tudor Age

#Tapestries #HamptonCourtPalace #KingHenryVIII #KingEdwardVI #QueenMaryI #QueenElizabethI #Tudors #History #Beautiful #Skill #16thCentury
18.12.2017 10:23:07
Gold medal of Mary I
1555
Jacopo de Trezzo (1515-1589)
Italian medals were rarely seen in England before Mary’s reign. Trezzo May have been employed by King Philip II of Spain (Mary’s husband)

Picture
Gold medal of Mary I
V & A Museum, London
Photo © The Tudor Age

#Gold #Medal #MaryI #QueenMaryI #MaryTudor #JacopodeTrezzo #PhilipofSpain #KingPhilipIIofSpain #Tudors #History
18.12.2017 05:46:56
#OTD
16th December 1485
Catherine of Aragon, was born to Isabella, Queen of Castile and Ferdinand, King of Aragon at Alcala de Henare.
From an early age, Princess Catherine knew her future lay in England, and in 1489, the Treaty Of Medina del Campo was signed in agreement of her marriage to the heir to the English throne, Prince Arthur Tudor.
When her young husband died unexpectedly, she went on to marry his brother, Henry (King Henry VIII) and went on to have six children, of which only a daughter, survived to adulthood, the future Queen Mary I.

Picture
Marie Doyle Kennedy as Catherine of Aragon in Showtimes The Tudors

#CatherineofAragon #CatalinaofAragon #ArthurTudor #PrinceofWales #PrincessofWales #KingHenryVIII #QueenCatherine #MaryTudor #QueenMaryI #Tudors #History
16.12.2017 09:34:04
#OTD
6th December 1573
Sir Hugh Paulet, soldier and administrator, died at Hinton St George in Somerset. He was buried in the parish church there. He was one of King Henry VIII’s executors and served King Edward VI as Captain of Jersey and Governor of Mont Orgueil Castle. In Queen Mary I's reign, he was made Vice-President of the Welsh marches, and in Queen Elizabeth I's reign he served as a special adviser to Ambrose Dudley, Earl of Warwick, (brother of Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester) at Le Havre.

Picture
Coat of arms of Arms of Poulett (Paulet): Sable, three swords pilewise points in base proper pomels and hilts
#HughPaulet #SirHughPaulet #Courtier #Soldier #Administrator #KingHenryVIII #KingEdwardVI #QueenMaryI #ElizabethI #Tudors #History
06.12.2017 11:46:26
#OTD
4th December 1555
Papal sentence was passed on Thomas Cranmer, Archbishop of Canterbury in Rome. It deprived him of his archbishopric "and of all ecclesiastical dignities". It was also decided that secular authorities would decide upon his fate.
Picture
Portrait of Thomas Cranmer, Archbishop of Canterbury by Gerlach Flicke, 1545

#ThomasCranmer #ArchbishopofCanterbury #KingHenryVIII #KingEdwardVI #QueenMaryI #Tudors #History
04.12.2017 06:38:04
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