On this date in history, January 12, 1932, Hattie Wyatt Caraway, from Arkansas, became the first woman to be elected to the U.S. Senate. She was also the first woman to preside over the Senate.⠀
Her work in the Senate was a mixed bag. She served as a Democrat, and was a strong supporter of the New Deal. But like other Southern Democrats she voted against anti-lynching legislation -- in 1938 she joined fellow Southerners in a filibuster against the administration's anti-lynching bill.⠀
Over the course of her Senate career, she rarely gave speeches or made public remarks, preferring to quietly go about her business, earning her the nickname "Silent Hattie." When asked about it, she said she preferred to remain quiet in order to not "to take a minute away from the men. The poor dears love it so." Her reticence aside, her dedication to her position earned her the respect of her colleagues, and opened the door for more women in the political sphere. ⠀
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Check out our online calendar to learn more about important dates and birthdays in women's history at nwhp.org.
Our #influencer of the week is Eve. We can learn a lot from other people’s mistakes, but perhaps we’ve been overly critical of her in our historic narrative find out more here http://myartofwomanliness.com/2018/01/12/eve/
General Anne Hays was the military’s first female general, and chief of the Army Nurse Corps. She was made general in 1970, served in two wars, and was a dedicated civil servant. She passed away this January 7th, 2018, at age 97.
1) She started her nursing career abroad, during the war. Anna Mae Hays was born in 1920, and was sent to India in 1943, a year after graduating from nursing school. There she essentially worked in the jungle, and was accustomed to very difficult working conditions. In less than two years, she was promoted to lieutenant. By 1950, she moved on to Korea, to serve during the Korean war, and then in 1951 to Tokyo, Japan. She later on completed a course in Texas, and was appointed head nurse at the Walter Reed General Emergency Room in Washington D.C. By then, she was also a certified obstetric and paediatric director.
3) She rose rapidly through the ranks, and even worked for a President. While working in Washington, D.C she was selected as one of three private nurses for President Dwight D. Eisenhower. After becoming lieutenant, followed by head nurse in several clinics, she became the chief nurse of the 11th Evacuation Hospital in Pusan. In 1967, she was promoted to Colonel, and, that same year she was appointed chief of the Corps. In 1970, President Nixon appointed her to brigadier general.
4) She is very highly decorated. She possesses the Distinguished Service Medal, the Legion of Merit with OLC, the Army Commendation Medal, the American Campaign Medal, the Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal with one service star, the World War II Victory Medal, the Army of Occupation Medal, the National Defence Service Medal, the Korean Service Medal with three service stars, and the United Nations Korea Medal.
5) She was a dedicated to training other nurses during war time. She travelled to Vietnam three times during the war in order to develop new training, and increased the number of nurses serving overseas dramatically. #womeninwar#womeninwarzones#army#nurse#feminist#medal#general#firstwoman#boss#chiefnurse
“Everyone wants to ride with you in the limo, but what you want is someone who will take the bus with you when the limo breaks down.” - Oprah
With all this talk of #oprah2020 I thought I’d share my favorite quote from her 😘